There’s a whole lot more to hinges than you might first suspect.
In order to keep things straight, here at iHinge we’ve put together a list of the most common terms you might run into in the world of hinges:
Alloy: A hinge material made up of two or more kinds of metals.
Ball Tip: The exposed end of a hinge that is ball-shaped. Usually decorative.
Barrel: The part of the hinge that both holds the pin and allows for the structure to pivot. Each barrel has one or more knuckles for each leaf.
Base Material: The material that makes up the structure of a hinge. Typically, the base material of hinges includes brass, bronze, steel and stainless steel.
Casement: A style of window where the frame is built so that the sash opens like a door.
Casing: The frame of a door or window.
Center-to-Center: A way of measuring. The measurement is taken from the center of one hinge to the center of the next.
Clearance: A measure of space left between parts to allow for the parts to function or to help with installation.
End Play: The amount of movement between the hinge leaves.
Gauge: How thick a hinge leaf is.
Hinge: The joint between a frame and a movable object (door, shutter, cabinet) that allows for movement.
Hinge Backset: The distance between the back of a hinge and the inside surface of the door.
Hinge Jamb: The vertical part of a door frame where hinges are attached.
Hinge Width: The dimensions of hinge leaves measured across the pin.
Jamb: The vertical side of a door, window or wall. The jamb is the portion where the hinges or pivots are placed.
Joint Length: The measurement of a joint from tip to tip along the hinge.
Knuckle: The large portion of a hinge, which houses the pin.
Leaf: The movable plates of a hinge.
Mortise: A cutout that allows for a lock or other hardware, like a hinge.
Paint Clearance: The space from a knuckle edge to the leaf edge to allow for painting.
Pitch: On a single leaf, the point on one knuckle to the same spot on another knuckle.
Swaging: An offset between hinge leaves at its barrel. This allows hinges to close.
Now that you’re familiar with some hinge terminology, check out the anatomy of hinges.
For more information on hinges or to find out what kind of hinge will best meet your needs, check out our inventory.